10 · Page Functionality with Keyboard and Touch Screen

Web 2.0 Services

It is important that all functions can be accessed through keyboard tabbing to and then using enter or space to activate elements. If the site makes use of access keys (keyboard shortcuts), it should be possible to discover these through site documentation. Screen readers depend on navigational elements on touch screens being voiced. The gestures tend to change when a screen reader is used with double tap to activate elements and a different number of fingers being use to flip pages.


This test has 4 possible outcomes.

0% Critical features on the page require mouse use or fail to respond to screen reader use on a touch screen.
33% Full navigation but inaccessible controls for accessing embedded content - media players etc.
67% Non-critical features on the page require mouse use and do not respond to screen reader use when reached. May work with one browser but not another.
100% Fully navigable with total keyboard functionality which does not preclude other input devices such as touch screen.


The results of this test are taken into account when calculating accessibility scores for the following disabilities.


The following techniques may come in handy when running this test.


This test aims to provide coverage of the following sections of best practice.

Document Section Heading
WCAG 2.0 1.1 Provide text alternatives for any non-text content so… More Info
WCAG 2.0 2.1 Make all functionality available from a keyboard. More Info
WCAG 2.0 2.4 Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and… More Info
WCAG 2.0 3.2 Make Web pages appear and operate in predictable ways. More Info