4 · Logical Page Structure and Order

Web 2.0 Services

The layout of the contents of a web page can be set into frames rather like a picture or even a frame within a frame (an iframe) so that more information can be carried within a single page. Frames should have titles so that screen reader users know where they are in the page or which piece of content to read next. Providing a mechanism for users to skip to the main content aids navigation on content heavy sites. Navigational tags, such as ARIA live-regions can help assistive technology users identify the structure of the page. Content needs to be marked up in code in the order it will be recognised by screen reader users.

Outcomes

This test has 4 possible outcomes.

0% No page/iframe titles, headings or semantic structure affecting layout. No skip to main content.
33% Page has title but not iframes (if present). Some use of headings, but not consistent structure. Layout not responsive to small screens.  No skip to main content. 
67% All page/iframe titles and headings in place, are consistent and appropriately descriptive. Skip to main content in place.
100% All titles and headings are in place, consistent and appropriately descriptive. Keyboard navigation through the page structure is consistent.. ARIA landmarks may be available.

Disabilities

The results of this test are taken into account when calculating accessibility scores for the following disabilities.

Techniques

The following technique may come in handy when running this test.

References

This test aims to provide coverage of the following sections of best practice.

Document Section Heading
WCAG 2.0 1.3 Create content that can be presented in different ways… More Info
WCAG 2.0 2.4 Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and… More Info
WCAG 2.0 3.2 Make Web pages appear and operate in predictable ways. More Info